Itikaf / Etikaf during Ramadan

Itikaf is a form of worship. It is formed by staying in a Mosque for a certain time. It is Ehtiyat that one should stay with the intention to worship Allah by praying formal or informal prayers although prayer is not a condition therein. The time for this form of worship could be anytime when one is allowed to fast. The best time is the month of Ramadan, especially, the last ten days.

KITAABUS SAWM (The Book of fasting)

‘O People of Imaan! Siyam (fasting) has been ordained for you just as it was ordained for those before you so that you attain taqwa! (Quran)

Siyam is among the fundamental acts of Ibadat. It has been ordained by Allah Ta’ala for the development of taqwa (piety) in the Mu’mineen. Fasting is extremely efficacious for the acquisition of taqwa. A Muslim cannot acquire Divine Proximity without taqwa. Without taqwa, the Muslim must necessarily drift far off the straight Path (Siratul Mustaqeem) which leads to Allah Ta’ala and everlasting success In the Akhirah.

Acts which Break or do not Break the Fast

1. If a fasting person forgetfully eats or drinks the fast will not break. Even if he eats and drinks a full-stomach, then to the fast will not break. If he forgetfully eats or drinks several times in the day, the fast will still not break.

2. A person saw a fasting person eating or drinking something. If this fasting person is quite strong and is not greatly affected by fasting, it will be wajib to remind him that he is fasting. But if he is a weak person and is greatly affected by fasting, he should not be reminded that he is fasting. Instead, he should be allowed to continue eating.

Important Rulings Regarding Ramadan

  • The Saum (fast) of Ramadhan is Fardh (compulsory) upon every sane and mature Muslim. One who denies the fasts of Ramadhan as being Fardh becomes a Kaafir (i.e. he loses his Imaan), and the one who accepts it as Fardh, but neglects its observance, is described as a Faasiq (a flagrant sinner).
  • Eating, drinking, or having intercourse will invalidate the fast.

Collection of Ahadith on Ramadhan and Fasting from Bukhari

Ibn ‘Abbas Narrates that: Nabi (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) was the most generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Jibraeel(as) met him. Jibraeel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Quraan. Allah’s Apostle (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) was the most generous person, even more generous than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds). (Sahih Bukhari Hadith 1.5)