First Ten Days of Zul Hijjah
Ibne Abbaas s relates that the Prophet s said:
“Good deeds performed on other days are not superior to those performed on these (first ten days of Zul Hijjah).” The companions sinquired: “Not even Jihaad?” He replied: “Not even Jihaad, except for that person who goes out putting himself and his wealth in danger and does not return with anything.” (Bukhaari)
Night of ‘Eed
The nights of both ‘Eeds are described in the hadeeth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain wake on the nights of ‘Eed and perform ibaadah is a source of great virtue and reward. Mu’aaz Ibne Jabal s relates that Rasoolullah s said: “Jannah is waajib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making ibaadah on the following nights: 8th & 9th, the night of ‘Eedul Adh‘haa (10th of Zul Hijjah), the night of ‘Eedul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan.” (Targheeb)
Qurbaani is a practice commanded by Allah: …so turn in prayer towards your lord and sacrifice (animals). (108:2)
Aa’ishah s said: “There is nothing more dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbaani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open heart. (Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
Sunnahs on the Day of ‘Eed
- To rise early.
- To clean the teeth with miswaak.
- To have a masnoon bath.
- To dress in one’s best garments in an Islaamic manner.
- To use ‘Itr
- To avoid eating before ‘Eed Salaat
- To go early for ‘Eed Salaat.
- To go walking for ‘Eed Salaat.
- To read the Takbiraat of Tashreeq in a loud voice while going for ‘Eed Salaat.
- To use different routes to and from the place of ‘Eed Salaat.
- To eat the meat of Qurbaani (sacrifice) of ones own offering, after the ‘Eedul Adh‘haa salaat.
It is haraam to fast on the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Zul Hijjah, (i.e.
‘Eed day and three days after) and the day of ‘Eedul Fitr.
The Method of ‘Eed Salaat
1. Make niyyah of performing two raka’at waajib of ‘Eedul Adh‘haa behind the imaam with six waajib takbeer.
2. The first takbeer in the first raka’at is the takbeer-e-tahreemah which is followed by three waajib takbeer. Raise your hands to the ears in all four takbeer (saying the takbeer). However, after the first takbeer fold the hands under the naval and read thanaa (subhaanakallaahumma). Thereafter, in the following two takbeer raise the hands up to the ears and drop them on the sides and after the fourth takbeer fold again.
3. The imaam will recite the soorah Faatihah and another soorah and go into rukoo and sajdah etc. as usual.
4. In the second raka’at, after the recitation and before rukoo another three takbeer will be called. In all three takbeer raise the hands to the ears and drop them on the sides and go into rukoo when the fourth takbeer is called.
Four takbeer are said together in each raka’at; at the beginning of the first raka’at and before going into rukoo in the second raka’at. The easy method of remembering when to drop the hands and when to fold is mentioned hereunder:
(a) Remember the following words: Fold, drop, drop, fold, for the first r aka’at ; drop, drop, drop, rukoo, for the second raka’at.
(b) Or keep the following general rule in mind: when there is something to be recited after a takbeer, the hands should be folded and when nothing is to be recited the hands are to be dropped to the sides.
It is makrooh to offer any Salaat, in the masjid where the ‘Eed Salaat is to be performed, before or after the ‘Eed Salaat. Hence, we should not perform nafl Salaat such as Ishraaq on ‘Eed day.
It is also makrooh to perform any Salaat at home before the ‘Eed Salaat, but it is not makrooh after Salaat.
If anyone missed the ‘Eed Salaat then he cannot offer it individually.
Khutbah after the ‘Eed Salaat is sunnah. However, the listening of the khutbah is waajib.
It is waajib to say the takbeer of tashreeq after the ‘Eedul Adh‘haa, according to some ulamaa; therefore one should recite it after the salaat.
If anyone joins the ‘Eed salaat after the imaam has said the three takbeer in the first raka’at he should say his three takbeer immediately. If he joins while the imaam is in ruku, then if he feels and has strong hope that he will say three takbeer and join the imaam in ruku’ then he should complete the takbeer before going into ruku. Otherwise he
should join the imaam in ruku and say the three takbeer instead of the tasbeeh of ruku.
Whilst saying the takbeer in ruku, he should not raise his hands.
If the imaam rises from ruku; before his takbeer are completed, he should also rise with the imaam and his takbeer will be remitted for him.
If anyone missed the first raka’at and joined the imaam in the second raka’at he should say the three takbeer of the the first raka’at after the recitation when he gets up to complete the missed raka’at.
If anyone joined the imaam in the second raka’at after ruku, them he should perform two raka’ats as mentioned above.
BY SHAYKH MUHAMMAD SALEEM DHORAT