Hajj in Detail

Haj is the 5th pillar of Islam. The Prophet Mohammed Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam did not introduce the performance of Haj. It can be said to be as old as the Kaaba itself. Haj is a combination of both, physical and monetary ibdat [devotion].


Haj was made compulsory in the 3rd year after the Hijrat. Allah says:

“Haj of the Bait (Kaaba) is compulsory on the people for the sake of Allah on those who have the means” (3:10)

After the hijrat, the Muslims performed the first Haj in the 9th year A.H. with Hazrat Abubaker Radhiallhu Anhu as the Ameer. It was only in the following year that the Prophet Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam performed Haj which is famously known as the Farewell Haj.

MEANING OF HAJ: 
Haj literally means an intention to visit and technically it can be defined as visiting a particular place at a particular time and performing particular rites there. (Going to Makkah during the time of haj and doing Tawfe Ziyrat, Wuqfe Arafah, etc)

TIME OF HAJ: 
Allah says:

“And for haj are months well known ” (2:248)

The months of haj are Shawwal, Thul Qa’dah and the first ten days of Thul Hijjah.

The rites of haj are performed in these months. The commencement of these months will also determine if Haj is compulsory upon a person or not.

VIRTUES OF HAJ: 
Nabi Karm Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam is reported to have said:

“Whosoever performed Haj only for Allah, did not become intimate with women and did not commit any disobedience, he will return home pure (of sins) as he was on the day he was born.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Nabi Karm Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam is reported to have said:

“The reward of Haj Mabroor is but Jannat.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

The benefits of Haj can be easily understood from the above two hadith.

WARNING FOR NEGLECTING HAJ: 
Nabi Karm Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam is reported to have said:

“The person who has the means to go to the House of Allah and does not go for Haj, he can die a Jew or Christian.”

The Prophet Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam has likened a person having the means and not performing Haj with the Jews and Christians. They have wronged in their beliefs and actions, likewise this person is equally wrong and in error by not performing Haj even after possessing the means to do so.

CONDITIONS OF HAJ:

The conditions which will make haj compulsory on a person are:

  • To be a Muslim.
  • To have the knowledge that haj is compulsory.
  • To be mature.
  • To be sane.
  • The time of haj.
  • Safety of route and sufficient funds for the journey to and from Makkah.
  • Female to be accompanied by a Mahram.

ARKAN (FARA’IDH) OF HAJ:

  • Wuqf Arafah.
  • Tawf Ziyrat.
WAJIBAT OF HAJ:
  • Sa
  • Wuqufe Muzdalifa
  • Rami
  • Tawaf e Wida (except a woman who is impure at the time)
  • Halq or Qasr
  • Thabah for a Qrin or Mutamatti

SUNAN OF HAJ:

  • Tawfe Qudum for an ‚fqi who is either a Mufrid or Qrin. (not for a Mutamatti)
  • Raml and Idhtib.
  • To go to Mina on the 8th after Fajr and perform 5 salah (Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Esha and Fajr) there and to spend the night there as well.
  • To go to Arafah from Mina after sunrise on the 9th.
  • Not to leave Arafah before the 10th of haj.
  • To stay the night in Muzdalifa returning from Arafah.
  • To make ghusl in Arafah.
  • To spend the nights of Nahr in Mina.

TYPES OF HAJ:

  • IFRAD: A haj wherein Ihram is adopted for the performance of haj only. Such a haji is called a Mufrid.
  • TAMATTU: A haj wherein two Ihrams are adopted in one journey, one for performing Umrah and the other for Haj. Such a haji is called a Mutamatti.
  • QIRAN: A haj wherein one Ihram is adopted for both Haj and Umrah in one journey. Such a haji is called a Qrin.

MAWQIT:

A Miqt (Mawqit – Plural) is that point or place where Ihrm should be adopted. In terms of from where ihram should be adopted, people fall into 3 categories:

  • AHLUL AFAQ: Those people who reside beyond the limits of the Mawqit -They must adopt ihrm for Haj and Umra before or at the Miqt if they wish to proceed beyond the Miqt.
  • AHLUL HIL: Those people who live within the limits of the Mawqit but beyond the Haram – They can adopt the ihrm for Haj and Umra anywhere between the Miqt and the boundaries of the Haram of Makkah. If they are entering the boundaries of the Haram for reasons other than haj and umra, they can do so without ihrm.
  • AHLUL HARAM: Those people who live within the boundaries of the Haram of Makkah – They should adopt ihrm for haj anywhere within the limits of the Haram of Makkah and for Umra anywhere in the area called Hil.

IHRAM:

Ihram literally means to make something haram upon oneself. By adopting ihram (donning the two sheets, making niyat and reciting the talbiya, certain things which were halal (allowed) now become haram (not allowed) upon that person. Thus, we can say that ihram is a state (condition) which a person has subjected himself to and he can reverse this state only if particular rites are performed.

Furthermore, the two sheets a Haji or Mu’tamir wears is also called ihram because it reflects one’s intention and status. Once a person adopts an ihram, it must not be ended abrubtly without completing the intended haj or umra. This applies even if a person has committed an act which will render his ihram fasid.

However; if a muhrim was unable to make wuqf of Arafah, he should then perform the acts of umra and terminate such an ihram. If a muhrim is prevented from performing haj or umra, than such a muhrim can end the state of ihrm by offering a sacrifice within the boundaries of the haram. It is wajib to perform the Qadha of any ihram terminated without performing the rites of the intended hajj or Umra.

CONDITIONS OF IHRAM:

  • To be a Muslim.
  • To form an intention and to recite the talbiya or any other zikr that is an acceptable substitute for the talbiya.

WAJIBAT OF IHRAM:

  • To adopt ihram from the miqat.
  • To stay away from that which is prohibited in ihrm.

SUNAN OF IHRAM (men):

  • To perform ghusl or wudhu.
  • To apply ittar before making an intention for the Ihrm of Haj or Umrah.
  • To use two sheets as the dress for ihrm.
  • To perform two rakats salah as sunnat of ihram.
  • To recite the talbiya as reported in the hadith.
  • To recite it loudly.
  • To recite it thrice.

TAWAF:

Circumambulating the Kaaba 7 times is called Tawaf.

TYPES OF TAWAF:

  • QUDOOM or LIQA: This tawaf is performed on arrival at the Kaaba. It is sunnat for an ‚fqi performing Haj Ifrad or Qirn. It is not sunnat for a Mutamatti, Makkahn nor a person performing Umrah. It should be performed before Wuqfe Arafah.
  • ZIYARAT: This tawaf is a rukn of Haj. It can be performed from subah sadiq of the 10th Thul Hijjah till the sunset of the 12th Thul Hijjah.
  • SADR or WIDA: This tawf is performed prior to your departing from Makkah. It is wajib for an ‚fqi but not a Makkahn. It cannot be performed before Tawafe Ziyrat. The best time for its performance is just before you leave Makkah returning home.
  • UMRAH: This tawf is a rukn of Umrah. (Note: Raml and Idhtib should also be observed in an umrah afterwhich Sa is compulsory.
  • NAZR: A tawaf which becomes compulsory after an oath is taken for its performance.
  • TAHIYYA: This tawaf is performed upon entry in the Baitullah. It is like the two rakats of tahiyyatul masjid.
  • NAFL: This tawaf is optional and can be performed at any time.

FARDH OF TAWAF:

  • To complete at least 4 circuits of the tawf.
  • To make tawf within the precincts of the Masjide Harm and beyond the structure of the Baitullah (Kaaba).
  • To perform Tawf on your own.

WAJIBAT OF TAWAF: 

  • To be clean (paak) from Hadth Akbar and Asghar.
  • To cover your satar.
  • To walk and perform tawaf if are you fit enough to do so.
  • To commence the tawaf from ones right.
  • To include the Hateem in the circuits.
  • To complete 7 circuits for the tawaf.
  • To perform 2 rakats after tawaf.

It is incorrect and sinful to omit the observance of a wajib of tawf. As such, it is compulsory (should one do so) to repeat such a tawaf whilst resident in Makkah. Otherwise upon returning home, he is liable for sadaqa. (Details of sadaqa will follow.)

SUNAN OF TAWAF:

Idhtib – Raml in the first 3 circuits of the tawf.

Note: The above two apply to men only.

  • To stand facing the Hajre Aswad when commencing the tawf.
  • To recite the Takbeer when in front of the Hajre Aswad in all circuits.
  • To lift both hands when standing before the Hajre Aswad and reciting the takbeer.
  • Istilaam – to kiss the Hajre Aswad or to touch it with your right hand and kiss the hand or from a distance stretch out arms with palms facing it and then kiss the palms.
  • To start the tawaf from Hajre Aswad.
  • To complete all the circiuts in succession.(i.e. without a break therein)

‘DO NOT’ WHILE PERFORMING TAWAF: 

  • Face the Baitullah. (prohibited)
  • Talk unnecessarily.
  • Recite your azkar in such a manner that you confuse fellow congregants. (Musallis and Mutawwifs)
  • Perform tawaf with impure clothes. (exceeding the accepted limits)
  • Omit Rami and Idhtib in a tawaf afterwhich Saee is compulsory.

MISCELLANEOUS: 

  • After every tawaf it is compulsory to perform two rakts of salah. The responsibility of doing so remains even after returning home.
  • It is preferable for an faqi to perform nafl tawaf rather than nafl salah.
  • It is also preferable for an faqi to perform more tawaf than umrah.
  • Make Istilm of only Hajre Aswad and Rukn Yamani. (Istilam of Rukn Yamani means to touch it with both hands or at least the right hand. No kissing of the Rukn Yamani.)

CONDITIONS FOR SAI: 

  • To perform Sai on your own.
  •  Sai must be performed after a tawaf.
  • To commence the Sai on Mount Safa and end on Mount Marwa.

WAJIBAT FOR SAI: 

  • To complete the remaining 3 circuits (after the compulsory 4) which will complete seven.
  • To perform Sai walking if you do not have a valid Shar’i reason for doing otherwise.

SUNNATS FOR SAI: 

  • To leave Masjide Haram for Sai by making Istilam of Hajre Aswad.
  • To perform Sai after Tawaf without undue delay.
  • To climb onto Mount Safa and Marwa and look at the Kaaba from there.
  • To perform the circuits of Sai one after the other without any delay.
  • To run between Batnul Wdi (Meelain Akhdarain) for males only.

MISCELLANEOUS:
It is preferable to perform Sai whilst in the state of wudhu. After completion of Sai, perform two rakts of nafal salh at the edge of the Matf.

Performance of Sai is wajib both for Haj and Umra.

WUQUF E ARAFAH:

The time for wuquf spans from zawwal of the 9th Thul Hijjah till subah sadiq of the 10th Thul Hijjah.

It is wajib to prolong your wuquf from zawwl till sunset, however even a moment of presence within the boundaries of Arafah is sufficient for the fulfilment of the Fardh obligation.

It is sunnat to have a ghusl on this day.

It is best and most virtuous to stand facing the Qibla and make dua with hands raised. If physical strength does not allow this, then stand as much as possible. This period should also be spent in the thikr of Allah.

Zohr and Asar Salat of this day must be combined and performed in the time of Zohr subject to conditions which follow hereunder:

  • The person must be in the state of Ihram of Haj.
  • They should be performed with jamat.
  • The Ameer of haj or his Representative must be present in the (congregation) jamat.
  • They should be performed after zawwal but before the onset of Asar time.
  • They should be performed in the plains of Arafah or its nearby areas.
  • Each saalh will be performed with a separate Iqmah.

WUQUFE MUZDALIFA:

Wuqf of Muzdalifa can be made from subah sadiq of the 10th till sunrise of the same day. Staying at Muzdalifa during haj is wajib albeit for a moment. However it is sunnate muakkadah to stay at Muzdalifa during this time until it becomes reasonably light to the extent that there is sufficient time to perform 2 rakt salah before sunrise.

It is sunnate muakkada to combine and perform Maghrib and Esha salh during the time of Esha (this means that you will delay the performance of maghrib salah) subject to conditions which follow hereunder:

  • The person must be in a state of Ihram of Haj.
  • It must be preceded by the Wuquf of Arafah.
  • Both must be performed in the time of Esha.
  • Both the salah are performed with one Iqmah only.
  • It is makruh to extend your wuquf after sunrise and then depart for Mina.

RAMI:

  • Four days have been fixed for rami (pelting). The first 3 days are necessary for the validity of Haj. The compulsion of the fourth day depends on other factors.
  • It is compulsory (rukn) to throw at least 4 pebbles and wajib to throw the remaining 3, making it seven in total.
  • Pebbles must be of earthly origin. (Those objects on which tayammum is permitted)
  • Rami must be done before Thabah and Halq.

CONDITIONS OF RAMI:

  • To throw the pebbles and not to put or place them.
  • To throw the pebbles with your hands.
  • To make pebbles land close to the jamarahs. (At least a metre or two close.)
  • To perform rami personally unless circumstances do not permit.

THE DAYS ON WHICH RAMI IS OBSERVED:

10 THUL HIJJAH: Rami can be made from subah sadiq until subah sadiq of the next day. On this day only the Jamarah Uqba is pelted. It is sunnat to pelt from sunrise till zawwl. From Zawwal till sunset is a permitted period. From sunset till subah sadiq of the next day is a makurh time. However, if circumstances force a person to do rami in this time (as is the case nowadays) then it will not be makruh. It is also makruh to pelt from subah sdiq of the 10th till sunrise of the same day.

11 THUL HIJJAH & 12 THUL HIJJAH: On these days, all three jamarahs are pelted. Pelting can be done from zawwal of that day till subah sadiq of the next day. However, the sunnat time for rami is from zawwal till sunset and thereafter, it will become makurh. Despite this, if the situation on that particular day forces a person to pelt in the makrh time (as is the case nowadays) then it will not be considered as makrh.

13 THUL HIJJAH: If a person does not depart and leave the boundaries of Mina before the sunset of the 12th Thul Hijjah, it is makurh for him to leave Mina without pelting on the 13th. Should a person extend his stay in Mina till the start of subah sadiq on the 13th, then it is wajib to make rami on that day. Non- observance will incur a damm.

On this day all three jamarahs will be pelted. This can be done from subah sadiq till sunset. However, it is sunnat to do so after zawwal and makrh before zawwal.

THABAH:

It is wjib for a Qrin and Mutamatti to offer a sacrifice as appreciation for performing Haj & Umra in one journey if they have the means. Otherwise 10 fasts should be kept as a substitute. It is mustahab for a Mufrid to offer this sacrifice.

The fasts should be kept in the following manner:

3 fasts after release from your Umra Ihram during the months of haj but before the 10th Thul Hijjah. The remaining 7 should be kept after the Ayyam Tashreeq anywhere but preferably in your place of residence.

It is necessary to offer the sacrifice on either the 10th, 11th or 12th but before the sunset of the 12th.

HALQ / QASR:

Halq is shaving of the head and Qasr is trimming the hair of the whole head by at least a centimetre. This act is wajib for haj. It will lift all the prohibitions associated with the state of ihram except fulfilment of the carnal desire.

It can be done from subah sadiq of the 10th with no time limit thereafter. However, it is wajib to do it within the boundaries of the Haram and between the time after you complete rami of jamarah uqba on the 10th till sunset on the 12th. Not to perform halq or qasr within the boundaries of the haram and not adhering to the time limit will incur damm. It is best to do it on the 10th.

It is sunnat to make Halq whilst Qasr is merely permitted. For women it is sunnat to make Qasr while Halaq is totally prohibited
JIN‚YAT:

Not adhering to the restrictions of Ihrm and rules of haj is called jinyat. As recompense for such shortcomings, the Shariah has imposed particular penalties.

Jinyat are of 2 types:

  • Failure to comply with the restrictions of Ihram.
  • Omission of a wajib act of haj.

The nature of recompense for a jinyat are of 3 types:

DAMM:

It denotes the sacrifice of a goat, sheep or a seventh part of a big animal. (Cow,ox,etc.) All requirements for an animal when observing Qurbani (Eidul Adha) will also apply.

BUDANAH:
It denotes the sacrifice of a cow or the like. It becomes compulsory for only 2 instances of jinyat.

  • When performing tawafe ziyrat in the state of Hadth Akbar (requiring a ghusl) or in a state of menstruation or Nifas.
  • When indulging in sexual intercourse after wuqfe Arafah, before halaq on the 10th.

SADAQAH:
This term has 3 variants: –

If the recompense is stipulated as Sadaqa, then it will denote the amount of Sadaqatul Fitr. (approximately one and three quarter kg of wheat or its equivalent in money)

If the recompense is stipulated as some sadaqa, then it will refer to a handful of grain.

If the recompense is linked particularly to wearing sewn clothes, applying perfume, paring nails, shaving hair due to some valid reason, then it will refer to giving 6 maskeen one and three quarter kgs of wheat each.

Jinyat can be committed with or without a valid excuse. The resultant recompense will then vary.
Valid excuses will include:

  • fever
  • Severe cold or heat
  • Wounds, sores, boils, blisters
  • headaches
  • large quantity of lice
  • Mistakes, forgetfulness, unconsciousness, sleep, poverty are not regarded as valid shari excuses.

If a complete jinyat is committed as a result of a valid excuse, then one has the option to:

  • Give a damm
  • Fast 3 days.
  • Give 6 masakeen the equivalent of Sadaqatul Fitr.

If an incomplete jinyat is committed as result of a valid excuse then one has the options of:

  • Fasting 3 days.
  • Giving 6 masakeen Sadaqatul Fitr.

It follows that recompense is obligatory even if a restriction of Ihram is not adhered to with a valid excuse. The only difference will be the penalties imposed.

Notwithstanding the above, if a wajib act of haj is omitted deliberately without a valid reason then a penalty becomes obligatory but, if omitted with a valid excuse then no recompense is required or obligatory.

JIN‚YAT OF IHRAM:

  1. To apply perfume.
  2. To wear sewn garments for males.
  3. To cover the head and face for males and only the face for females.
  4. To remove hair from the body.
  5. To remove or kill lice from ones body.
  6. To clip nails.
  7. To indulge in sexual relations.
  8. To hunt wild animals on land.
  9. To cut the vegetation of the haram.

Besides 7, 8, and 9, commission thereof can be classified either as complete or incomplete jinyat. (complete or incomplete could be determined by a full day or part thereof and a complete limb or part thereof)

UMRAH:

The performance of Umrah is classified as Sunnat. Should a person have the means, he is obliged (Sunnate Muakkadah) to perform Umrah at least once in a lifetime.

Umrah can be performed anytime during the year except on the 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th of Thul Haj.

Umrah performed during Ramadan is more virtous than an umrah on other days.

Our Prophet Mohammed Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam performed 4 Umrahs during his lifetime and all after making Hijrat to Medina.

  1. In the year 6 A.H. on the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaibiya. (Though, the Prophet Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam as per the terms of the treaty could not perform Umrah that particular time, but it is listed as one by virtue of commencing it being in the state of Iharm.
  2. In the next year, (7 A.H.) as a qaza for the incomplete Umrah of Hudaibiya.
  3. In the year 8 A.H. returning from the expedition of Hunain.
  4. In the year 10 A.H. together as part of the Farewell Haj.

VIRTUES OF UMRAH:

Hazrat Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam said:

” An umrah is recompense and atonement for the period till the performance of the next umrah “. (Bukhari – Muslim

PROCEDURE OF UMRAH:

Before you proceed beyond the miqt, do the following:

Take a bath (Make ghusl) as it is Sunnat, if not wudhu will suffice.
Wear the ihram sheets. (Ladies will wear normal clothing as part of their Ihram)
Perform 2 rakats sunnatul ihram with headgear.

After the completion thereof, removing headgear, make intention: ” O Allah, I intend performing umrah, therefore make it easy for me and accept it.” Theresafter, recite the Talbiyah.

The recitation of the talbiya admits one into the state of ihrm which effects certain restrictions.(eg. wearing perfume, etc) Recite the talbiya excessively and repeatedly.

MAKKAH:
Enter the Masjidul Harm from Babus Salm if no inconvenience is experienced. At the first sighting of the Kaaba, make any dua you wish as this is an occasion when duas are certainly accepted by Allah. Do not allow such an opportunity to go by without deriving maximum benefit. thereafter proceed towards Hajre Aswad to commence tawaf.

TAWAF:
Before you start tawaf, make Idhtib and it must be observed for the entire duration of the tawf.

Stand facing the Hajre aswad in such a manner that the Hajre Aswad remains to your right. Thereafter make intention of tawf: ” O Allah, I intend performing tawf of your sacred house, therefore make it easy for me and accept it.”

Proceed towards the Hajre Aswad and when directly opposite, raise both hands (like in salah) say: (Takbeer)

After saying the takbeer, make Istilam. Istilam will either mean

  •  kissing the hajre aswad.
  • touching the Hajre Aswad with your right hand and then kissing the hand.
  • stretching out your arms with both palms facing the hajre Aswad, then kissing the palms.

Stop reciting the talbiya after the first istilam.

Commence the tawaf by moving towards the right.

Men will make rami in the first 3 circuits of tawf.

Upon reaching the 4th corner of the Kaaba (Rukn Yamani) touch it with the hands or at least the right hand but no kissing of the Rukn Yamani .

When starting a new circuit say the takbeer and make istilm again.

On completion of the 7th circiut , make istilm once again.

During tawaf, one may engage in the recitation of the Quran, Azkr or dus. The 3rd Kalima is recommended on three sides and Rabbana‚tina between the Ruknul Yamani and Hajre Aswad.

AFTER COMPLETION OF TAWAF
1. Perform 2 rakts salh(wajib) behind Maqme Ibrahim or any convenient place in the Haram. Be mindful of the prohibited times of salah.
2. Thereafter, at the Multazam engage in dua with arms stretched above the head and clinging to the wall. (if not inconvenient)
3. Now you go the Zam Zam Well and drink its water. Face the Kaaba and observe all other etiquette of drinking water. Return to the Kaaba, make istilam saying the takbeer.

SAI:
1. Commence the Sai from Mount Safa. Facing the Kaaba make the intention for Sa: “O Allah, I intend making Sai, therefore, make it easy and accept it.” Recite the takbeer loudly and Durood Sharif softly.
2. Walk towards Marwah at normal walking pace.
3. Run (men only) in the area with green markings.
4. On reaching marwah, do the same as what you did on Mount Safa.
5. Walking to and fro Safa and Marwah, 7 times will complete Sai.
6. It is then sunnat to perform 2 rakkats nafl salah anywhere in the Haram.

HALQ OR QASR:
Men are required to shave their heads or clip their hair uniformly. A woman should cut the length of their fingertips. (about an inch) This formally ends the restrictions of the ihrm of umrah.

PROCEDURE OF HAJ:

8TH THUL HAJ:Take a bath if possible after performing Fajr Salat, otherwise wudhu will suffice. Don the two pieces of ihrm (for a male). Perform two rakats of Sunnate-Ihram with headgear. After completion of same , remove headgear and make intention: ” O Allah , I am preparing for Haj , therefore make it easy for me , accept it and assist me , grant me blessing in it.I make intention for Fard Haj and I don the Ihram for You , O Allah “. Recite the Talbiya as well. You are now in the state in Ihram which prevents you from many things (refer to other books were these are discussed in detail) Recite excessively, in particular the Talbiya , and also the Tahleel , Tahmeed and Takbeer. You now proceed for Mina and try to reach there before Zawwal because staying there from Zawwal of this day till the morning of the next is Mustahab. Perform the next five Salts there as well. (Zohr, Asr, Maghrib, Esha and Fajr)

9TH THUL HAJ: When the sun has risen considerably, depart from Mina for the plains of Arafat.The wuquf (stay) there is a rukn (obligation) of Haj. En-route recite in abundance Talbiya etc. It is Wajib to stay there from zawwal to sunset. The essence of Haj is embodied in your stay there, therefore do not allow this opportunity to elude you by being idle and involved in futile activity. Rather, engage yourself in the Glorification of your Creator and, seek forgiveness and, salvation in particular for yourself and, generally the entire Ummah.

If you are performing Salat with the Imam of Haj (this is very unlikey) then you will perform Zohr and Asr in the time of Zohr with one Athan and two Iqamats (one for each salah). If this is not possible then perform your Zohr and Asr in their respective times. Performance with jamat (congregation)is more desired.

(Note: According to the Hanafis, Zohr and Asr will read in its normal time because the conditions for joining these two salt are not met.)

Wait a little while after sunset and without performing Maghrib Salat, proceed towards MUZDALIFA . Do not perform Maghrib on your way there nor before the time of Esha.

After the time of Esha has commenced, perform Maghrib and Esha without any delay between them with one Athan and one Iqamat . Upon completion, perform sunnats and nafl of Maghrib and Esha respectively. This is also a very auspicious night and reference of making thikr during this night is made in the Qurn. It is also recommended to pick up pebbles for rami there. (seven for the 10th: twenty one for the 11th; twenty one for the 12th and twenty one for the 13th should the need arise.)

10TH THUL HAJ:As soon as dawn breaks, perform Fajr Salh while it is still dark. About five minutes before sunrise, leave Muzdalifa for Mina. Today you are required to perform four very important rites of haj. Performing the first three in sequence is Wjib:

1. Rami
2. Thabah
3. Halq
4. Tawafe Ziyarat

1. RAMI (Pelting the Jamarah): On this day only Jamarah Uqba must be pelted. Stand as close as five yards (otherwise as close as possible) to the jamarah. Pelt towards the bottom of the coloumn. Each pebble should be pelted separately. (all seven should not be thrown simultaneously) This jamrah can be pelted from subah sadiq of the 10th up until sabah sadiq of the 11th. However, from sunrise until zawwal is sunnat; from zawwal until sunset is mubah (permissable); from sunset until subah sadiq and from subah sadiq of the 10th till sunrise of the same day is makrh. If rami is made after the permitted time, Damm will become Wajib and Qaza will also have to be done. If due to circumstances (eg. old age, pressure of crowds)) pelting is done in the makruh time, it will not be regarded as makruh. This latitude applies to women also. As soon as you pelt the jamarah with the first pebble , stop the recitation of the talbiya.

2. THABAH (Sacrifice): You now offer a sacrifice in appreciation for being afforded the opportunity to perform Haj and Umra in one journey. This sacrifice is different from the offerings during the days of Eidul Adha.

3. HALQ (Shaving or Clipping of Hair): It is sunnat to take off all the hair for males, though trimming (uniformally) is also permitted. Women should take off the length of their fingertips. It is also sunnat to remove your hair in Mina. The removal of your hair marks the end of the state of ihrm except for relations with your spouse.

4. TAWAFE ZIYARAT: This is a rukn of Haj. It should be performed at any time from subah sadiq of the 10th. If delayed beyond the sunset of the 12th without a valid reason, Damm will have to be made. It is best to perform it on the 10th after fulfilling the first three rites of the same day. Should you perform tawaf in civilian clothing (which is now allowed), there is no idhtib (covering the upper body in such a manner as to expose the right shoulder). In either case Rami (walking briskly) must be observed in the first three circuits of tawaf. Perform the two rakts of Tawaf and then make Sai of Saf and Marwa. (commence at Saf and end at Marwa) You now return to Mina and spend all your time there.

11TH THUL HAJ:Today you have only one rite to observe, namely, Rami. Unlike the 10th wherein you pelted only Jamarah Uqba; on this day you will pelt in this sequence; Jamarah oola, Jamarah Wust and Jamarah Uqba. (seven pebbles for each Jamarah) Pelting can be done between Zawwl of this day till subah sdiq of the next. One has to consider that the sunnat time is from zawwl till sunset and it is makruh from sunset till subah sdiq. If due to circumstances (as explained for the 10th) Rami is done during this time, it will not be makruh. If you observe Rami after the permitted time Damm will become Wjib and Qaza will also have to be done.

12TH THUL HAJ: Today you also perform one rite, namely, Rami. the rules and regulations are the same as for the 11th.

If you have left the boundaries of Mina by sunset of this day, you will be exonerated from Rami on the 13th.

13TH THUL HAJ: If one is still in Mina after sunset of the 12th but left before subah sadiq then such action will be regarded as makruh because being in Mina required that you make Rami the next day. Today you will also pelt all three jamarahs. The time for pelting on this day is from subah sadiq till sunset. Sunnat time is from zawwal till sunset and makruh time is from subah sadiq till zawwal. If rami is made after sunset then Damm becomes Wajib.

TAWAFE WIDA: Returning from Mina concludes all rites of haj except ther above tawaf. It cannot be performed prior to tawafe ziyrat but subsequently at any time. It is most recommended to perform it just before you finally depart Makkah. This tawaf is Wajib. (not for napaak women) As a result, if omitted damm will become necessary. You do not make Raml in this tawf nor is there a Sa thereafter.

SUMMARISED PROCEDURE OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF HAJ

HAJ IFR‚D
1. Adhere to the instructions 1.2.3.4 as detailed in the procedure of Umrah except that now you will will make intention: ” O Allah, I intend performing Haj, therefore make it easy for me and accept it “.
2. On reaching Makkah, perform Tawf Liq (Qudoom) only. (For details, see section of Tawf in procedure of umrah).
3. Observe Idhtib and Raml only if you wish to perform Sa of Haj immediately after Tawf Liq.
4. A Mufrid does not stop reciting the Talbiya after making the 1st Istilm in the tawf Liq.
5. Thereafter remain in Makkah till the 8th Thul Hijjah in the state of ihrm and complete the haj as outlined in the procedure of haj with the same ihrm.
6. It is optional for a Mufrid to offer a sacrifice, as a result if one does not offer a sacrifice, one has to maintain a sequence between Rami and Halq only.

HAJ QIR‚N
1. Perform a complete Haj as detailed in the procedure of haj except that:
a) now you will make intention: ” O Allah , I intend performing Haj and Umrah, therefore make it easy for me and accept it”.
b) do not stop reciting talbiya after making the 1st istilm.
c) do not shave or trim your hair which would have released you from the state of iharm.

2. Immediately after completion of Umrah, perform Tawf Qudoom (with Idhtib and Raml) and thereafter a Sai. Now you need not perform a Sai after Tawaf Ziyrat.
3. Remain in ihram till the 8th Thil Hijjah when you will proceed to Mina.
4. Complete the Haj as detailed in the procedure of haj.

HAJ TAMATTU
Perform a umrah as detailed in the procedure of Umrah.
Perform a Haj as detailed in the procedure of Haj.

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