It is Mustahab to:
a) Clip the nails
b) Clip (trim) the moustache
c) Remove all unwanted hair from the body
It is Sunnah to make ghusl and apply itr that will not leave any material substance on the Ihrâm.
Wudhu will suffice.
- Cover yourself with two sheets.
- Men must wear sandals (preferably beach-tongs)
- The metatarsals should remain open.
Women: Normal clothing
- Read two Rak’ats (Nafl Salâh) with the head covered.
- After Salâh remove your Topee or headgear.
- After making salâm, make niyyah [intention] of Umrah or Haj.
- Thereafter, recite Labbaik three times, having in mind the intention for
- Umrah or Haj
- Men should read loudly whilst females should recite softly.
- Read Durûd Sharîf silently and make Du’â.
Refrain from the following whilst in the State of Ihrâm
- Sexual intercourse and all utterances and actions leading to it.
- Fighting, quarrelling and the use of abusive language.
- Applying perfumes.
- Fragrant soap and creams fall in this category.
- Trimming or shaving the hair.
- Covering of the head for men and direct covering of the face for men and women.
- Clipping of toe/finger-nails.
- Wearing sewn garments. This applies to men only.
- Killing lice. The killing of mosquitoes and flies is permissible.
- Breaking plants or trees within the Haram.
Method of Performing the Tawâf
- Stand facing the Hajr-Aswad in such a manner that the Hajr-Aswad remains on your right (On the left-hand side of the starting line).
- Make Niyyah [intention] of making Tawâf.
- Move a little to your right so that you are standing on the beige marble (line) directly opposite the Hajr-Aswad.
- Raise your hands as you raise them in Salâh and say: Bismillâhi Allâhu-Akbar; Lâ ilâha illallâhu walillâhil hamd.
- Make Istilâm of the Hajr-Aswad i.e. kiss as described or stretch hands towards the Hajr-Aswad.
- Turn to the right and start walking so that the Ka’bah is on your left. Recite a du’â or the third Kalimah.
- When you reach the third corner known as Rukne Yamâni read RABBANÂ-ÂTINA (till the end) until you reach the Hajr-Aswad. One circuit is complete.
- On coming to the Hajre Aswad, once again kiss the Hajre Aswad or make Istilâm by stretching the hands towards the Hajre Aswad saying Bismillâhi Allâhu-Akbar and complete as above, till you complete the second circuit.
- Complete seven rounds in this manner, kissing the Hajr Aswad or making Istilâm before commencing every circuit.
- Then kiss the Mre Aswad or make Istilâm for the 8 time and read 2 Rak’ats Wâjibut Tawâf. Perform these 2 rak’ats behind the Maqâm-Ibrâheern if there is space or anywhere on the Matâf, or anywhere else in the Haram.
- Proceed to the Multazam and make Du’â, if this is not possible or there is fear of coming into contact with any fragrance, then make du’â anywhere close. Thereafter,
- drink Zam-Zam water available in the canisters in the Haram and make Du’â. The Tawâf is now complete.
The Method of Making Sa’î Between Safâ And Marwah
- Wudhu is NOT a condition for the validity of Sa’î. However, it is preferable to be in the state of wudhu.
- A Sa’î between Safâ and Marwah must be preceded by a tawâf. There is no Nafl Sa’î.
- Kiss the Hajr Aswad for the ninth time (this is Mustahab) before making Sa’î between Safâ and Marwah. To perform Saee is Wâjib.
- Go to Mount Safâ and face in the direction of the Ka’bah.
- Recite: Bismillâhi Allâhu Akbar. Lâ Ilâha Illallâhu walillâh-hamd thrice loudly and raise your hands as you raise them in Du’â . Thereafter read Durûd Sharîf silently and make Du’â.
- Descend from mount Safâ and walk towards Marwah at your usual pace. One circuit is now complete.
- On the stretch between Safâ and Marwah there are two green lights. Men must jog/walk briskly between these two lights and then walk normally after passing the lights. Recite: Rabbighfir-warham-antal-âzzul-akram
- On reaching Marwah face the Ka’bah and say BISMILLÂffi … thrice, in a raised voice, as above. Then read Durûd Sharîf silently and make Du’â.
- Walk back to Safâ. The second round is now complete. Complete SEVEN circuits in this manner. You will begin at Safâ and end at Marwah.
- Thereafter return to Masjid-ul-Harâm and perform two Rak’aats Nafl Salâh.
- Shave or cut your hair and now you are out of Ihrâm. Shaving is preferred for men.
- The Umrah is now complete.
N.B. MEN ONLY
Any Tawâf that is followed by Sa’î between Safâ and Marwah must be done in such a way that the right shoulder remains open (for the entire duration of the full Tawâf).
This is known as Idh’tiba and in the first three rounds one must march like a soldier. This is known as Ramal. At no other time must a person’s right shoulder remain open.
THE FIVE DAYS OF HAJ
The First Day (8th Dhu-al-Hijjah) Yaumut Tarwiyah
Adopt the Ihrâm for Haj on the morning of the 8h, preferably in the Haram. Adopting the Ihrâm is a CONDITION for the validity of Haj. Then, after sunrise proceed to Mina where Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Eshâ and the Fajr of the Th must be perfornried. It is Sunnat to spend this night in Mina.
The Second Day (9th Dhu-al-Hijjah) – Yaumul Arafat
- After sunrise of the 9th, proceed to Arafât, recite Talbiyah along the way.
- It is wâjib to remain in Arafât until sunset. Zuhr and Asir must be performed in their respective times, if performed in the various camps. However, if they are performed in Masjid Namirah behind the Imâm, then Zuhr and Asr will be combined and performed during the time of Zuhr.
- After Zawâl make Wuqûf – make du’â, tilâwat of Qur’ân, Tasbîh, etc.
- It is FARDH to be in Arafât even for a little while, otherwise the Haj will be invalid. (Duration of Wuqûf : After Zawâl of the 9th until Subh Sâdiq of the 10th).
- Maghrib must not be performed in Arafât.
The Second Night: 10th Dhu-al-Hijjah
- After sunset proceed to Muzdalifah, where Maghrib and Eshâ must be performed during the time of Eshâ with one Adhân and one Iqâmah.
- No Sunnah or Nafl Salâh must be read between the two Fardh Salâh, they must only be read after both the Farâidh have been performed.
- It is Mustahab to pick up seven pebbles from Muzdalifah. The remaining 42 or 63 pebbles may be picked up anywhere else but NOT from the Jamarât.
- It is Sunnat-Muakkadah to spend this night in Muzdalifah. It is Mustahab to engage oneself in Ibâdah.
- The Wuqûf is Wâjib. The duration is from Subh Sâdiq until sunrise.
The Third Day: (10th Dhu-al-Hijjah)
At sunrise or after, start moving off to Mina. FOUR rites must be performed on this day (PQST).
- Pelting: It is wâjib to pelt the Jamaratul Uqbah (the big Shaytân) with 7 pebbles on this day. Masnûn time is from sunrise to Zawâl. After Zawâl till sunset, is permissible. After sunset it is makrûh, but not for the weak, feeble, the sick and womenfolk. Recite Bismillâhi-Allâhu-Akbar with each throw of a pebble. Recitation of Talbiyah ends with the pelting of the first pebble.
- Qurbâni: After pelting, an animal must be slaughtered. wâjib for a Mutamattî or Qârin
- Shaving or Cutting: After fulfilling the rite of sacrifice, one will have to shave or cut the hair. This is wâjib. This can be delayed till the sunset of the 12th. After shaving, have a bath and wear normal clothing, either in Mina or Makkah.
- Tawâf-Ziyârah: The fourth rite of this day. This is fardh. The time for this Tawâf is from Subh Sâdiq of the 10th up to the setting of the sun on the 12th. If it is delayed further, then Damm will have to be given. In the case of women there is no Damm if it is delayed due to menstruation. Make Sa’î if it was not performed prior to Haj. This Sa’î is performed in normal clothing. N.B.: Sexual intercourse with one’s spouse is not permissible until after Tawâf-Ziyârah is performed.
The Fourth Day (11th Dhu-Al-Hijjah)
- On this day it is Wâjib to pelt the three Jamarât with 7 pebbles each, beginning with the Jamaratul Ûlâ (small) then Jamaratul Wustâ (middle) and finally Jamaratul Uqbah (big).
- The time for pelting begins after Zawâl to sunset.
- Pelting is Makrûh after sunset, except for the old, weak, feeble and womenfolk.
- If due to some reason one did not pelt after sunset, one may pelt till before the break of dawn on the 12th. If one delays further, Damm must be given.
The Fifth Day (12 Dhu-al-Hijjah)
The same procedure should be followed as the 4th day. After this pelting, one may either depart for Makkah or spend the night in Mina.
13 Dhu-al-Hijjah (Optional)
- If a Hajî is in Mina at the break of dawn on this day (13th), then it becomes wâjib to pelt the three Jamarât (with 7 pebbles each).
- The duration and time limits are the same as described for the 12th. However, one is permitted to pelt before Zawâl – though it is Makrûh.
- Prior to departure for home, one must perform Tawâf-e-Sadr or Farewell Tawâf. Also known as Tawâf-e-Widâ.
- This is wâjib. In the case of women, this Tawâf is excused during menstruation. She may stand outside the doors of the Masjid-ul-Harâm and make du’â there.