Ramadhan Dos and Don’ts guide

What is Ramadhan:

Praise be to Allaah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own selves and from our evil deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides cannot be misled, and whomsoever He leaves astray cannot be guided. I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

Allaah has blessed His slaves with certain seasons of goodness, in which hasanaat (rewards for good deeds) are multiplied, sayi’aat (bad deeds) are forgiven, people’s status is raised, the hearts of the believers turn to their Master, those who purify themselves attain success and those who corrupt themselves fail. Allaah has created His slaves to worship Him, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).” [al-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

One of the greatest acts of worship is fasting, which Allaah has made obligatory on His slaves, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… Observing al-sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183]

Allaah encourages His slaves to fast:

“… And that you fast, it is better for you, if only you know.” [al-Baqarah 2:184 – interpretation of the meaning]

He guides them to give thanks to Him for having made fasting obligatory on them:

“… that you should magnify Allaah for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” [al-Baqarah 2:185 – interpretation of the meaning]

He has made fasting dear to them, and has made it easy so that people do not find it too hard to give up their habits and what they are used to. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… for a fixed number of days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]

He has mercy on them and keeps them away from difficulties and harm, as He says (interpretation of the meaning:

“… but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]

No wonder then, that in this month the hearts of the believers turn to their Most Merciful Lord, fearing their Lord above them, and hoping to attain His reward and the great victory (Paradise).


MUSTAHABBAAT (Commendable acts worthy of much reward) during SAWM (Fasting):

  • To partake of Sahri before beginning the fast.
  • To partake of Sahri in the latter part of the night.
  • To make Niyyah for fasting during the night.
  • To break fast by Iftar soon after sunset.
  • To do Iftar by eating dates if not than with water.
  • To abstain from useless, evil and vulgar conversation, swearing, telling lies and backbiting.

 

Fast becomes Makruh by the following (things which are disliked and sinful during fasting):

  • To delay bath which is wajib after Subah Sadiq.
  • To apply tooth powder or tooth paste in the mouth or gargle unnecessary.
  • To taste something without necessity.
  • To have intimate contact with your spouse.
  • To speak behind someone’s back (Gheebat or Chugli) or to have vulgar conversation
  • To fight or quarrel with somebody. Tell a lie, swearing are sinful acts even when not fasting, therefore they become even worse during fasting.

 

Fasting is not broken by the following:

  • To eat or drink something by mistake.
  • To use MISWAK or dry toothbrush (without paste).
  • To use perfume (ITTR) or apply Surmah, medicines or oil in the eye or ear.
  • To have injection or blood test
  • Wet dreams which makes Ghusul (bath) wajib
  • To vomit unintentionally
  • To use hair oil in head
  • Nocturnal discharge during fast.
  • Unintentional inhaling of dust or smoke
  •  Bleeding when using MISWAK.

 

Following acts break FAST but necessitate QADHA only:

  • To eat, drink or have sexual intercourse thinking that still there is time for Sahri.
  • To open fast thinking that the sun has set whereas in fact it has not.
  • If water goes down the throat during mouthwash unintentionally
  • By vomiting mouthful intentionally
  • To put medicine or oil in nose.
  • To inhale or take smoke of LOBAN or AGARBATI (Joystick)
  • Using asthma pump.

 

Following acts break FAST and necessitate both QADHA and KAFFARAH (fasting 60 extra days):

Knowingly eat or drink something or to have sexual intercourse during the fast or to take medicine by mouth or nose intentionally.

 

Zakat:

ZAKAT is compulsory on personal wealth which is 2.5%. For more detailed information see overleaf.

 

Sadaqatul Fitr is Wajib:

Each Muslim on his behalf and on behalf of those he maintains, must give before the EID Prayer, the Sadaqatul Fitr for the poor.

 

Source: Croydon Mosque and Islamic Center

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